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VARIETIES OF ORANGES MORE CONSUMED
Thanks to the different voranges varieties, which are cultivated in our area, you can enjoy this fruit during almost all the year. The orange trees bloom at the beginning of spring, with a ripening period that goes from mid-autumn to early summer, depending on the variety.
In the orange the color of the skin does not indicate with certainty the maturity of the fruit, because there are mature orangess with green zones in the skin .
Its orange is medium sized with a rounded or slightly oval shape, it is seedless and the pulp is very juicy. The skin is an intense orange and the navel is not very prominent.
It is the variety of orange tree most resistant to cold and lime. This orange is productive, early, with a maturity index that is on average two weeks ahead of the W orange. Navel. It is one of the most widely grown varieties. Its oranges are of great quality for fresh consumption.
It comes from the variety of oranges common, by spontaneous mutation in the province of Valencia.
The tree is vigorous, large in size and with vigorous vertical branches. It is sensitive to cold.
Its orange is round or slightly flattened, practically seedless, a thin-skinned orange of medium to large size. It produces a sweet-tasting orange juice with very little acidity, making it an ideal variety for both table and juice. The orange can stay quite long in the orange tree in good commercial conditions. It is harvested from January to March.
Orange Navel lane late.
Orange variety originating in Australia, detected in 1950 as a spontaneous mutation of orange W. Navel. In Spain, the sale of orange began in the 1987-88 season.
It is a vigorous orange tree, almost without thorns, it has a dense foliage with dark green leaves. The orange is similar in size to the W orange. Navel, thin skin and less pronounced navel. After the navel orange, the navel lane late is the most consumed orange.
A very productive orange variety with an early entry into production. The v variety of orange has a great adhesion to the stalk, so it can be kept in excellent condition for sale for a long time in the tree.
Orange navel late.
It came from a spontaneous mutation in Vinaroz (Castellón) of the W orange. Navel. Its commercialization began in 1957.
The tree is large and vigorous, with thorns especially on the more vigorous branches. The leaves are a light green colour.
It has a tendency to very high blooms that cause competition between organs, resulting in low fruit set and low productivity.
Its orange is smaller than the W orange. Navel , for this reason this orange is not as consumed as the navel lane late orange.
Elongated shape. The bark is less thick, more consistent and peels with a little more difficulty. Its color is pale orange. The navel is barely visible on the outside. The pulp of this orange is firm, with good yield for the orange juice. It has no seeds. The fruit can be kept for about three months on the tree.
Valencia Late Orange:
This orange was introduced in Spain by the Burjassot Orange Station, starting its sale in the first half of the 20th century. Its production increased until in the 1977-78 season it was the most widely grown late variety of orange in Spain.
The orange tree is vigorous and large in size with a slight tendency to be upright, and has few thorns. It has to grow in not too cold .
Its orange is medium sized, spherical or slightly elongated in shape. The rind is thin and smooth, or sometimes somewhat grainy. The juice of this orange has a good aroma and is slightly acidic, with good characteristics. In general, the orange is seedless.
It is the latest orange grown in Valencia. Its harvest begins in April and the fruit can be kept on the tree until July
keeping all the juice.
These oranges differ in that they synthesize red pigments (anthocyanins) in the pulp and sometimes in the skin. This process only takes place at low temperatures at night, and the oranges do not acquire the reddish tonality until autumn or winter, acquiring the juice a special flavour that reminds us of cherries or raspberries. These varieties of oranges are only grown in the Mediterranean region.
UNDER-EATEN VARIETIES OF ORANGES
- Newhall Oranges:
A variety of oranges from California, by spontaneous mutation of W. Navel, was introduced into Spain from the Burjasot orange station in 1966. The tree and its fruits have similar characteristics to those of Navelina, although more problematic, so it is being cultivated less and less.
-Washington Navel Oranges:
The trees are medium sized, round in shape. Their leaves are dark and tend to flower abundantly, which makes it difficult to see... The orange is medium to large in size, with orange colors.
This variety of orange was introduced in Spain from Granja Agrícola de Burjasot in 1910 and spread to all orange areas.
With navel of variable size, it can be completely closed in the fruit or more or less salient.
Its orange peel is thick and easily peeled. The pulp has a firm, melting and sweet texture with adequate acidity.
These oranges are harvested on average during December to May, depending on the area.
- Navel Powel Oranges:
It's a tree similar to Navel Lane Late. This orange appeared in Australia due to the spontaneous mutation of the W. Navel.
Its orange is shaped from flattened to ovoid, always with a belly button, thin skin and moderate adherence to the pulp. The juice of the orange is low in acid and high in sugar. The absence of lemons means that the orange juice does not acquire the bitter taste of other varieties in the same group.
- Navel Ricalate Oranges:
The orange tree has no thorns and has good vigour. It appears in Ribera de Cabanes in 1977 and comes from the Washington Navel due to the mutation. The sale of oranges of this class occurs from 1990 onwards.
The orange is slightly smaller than W. Navel's, oval in shape and uniformly orange in colour, similar to the orange Navel beats, but not as clear. It is somewhat later than the orange Navelate. It stays on the tree for a long time because of its great adherence to the stem.
- Orange Entrefina:
It has not been a very popular variety as the orange does not look pretty.
It comes from the Double Fine by spontaneous mutation in an orchard in Castellón.
The tree is very similar to the double-fine, but larger in size.
The orange is orange-yellow with reddish spots, oval to rounded in shape, with medium and small sizes. Its skin is slightly rough and has more juice content than the Double-Fine.
It is a productive orange, can be harvested at the end of January having good grip on their peduncles.
- Valencia Delta Sedles Oranges:
tree similar to the valencia late variety.
Variety appeared in South Africa from a Valencia Late seed plant.
It is very productive with most of the orange inside the tree, which protects it from possible damage by cold and wind.
This group of oranges became the best-selling group in the world.
These oranges are currently only grown for juice, due to their small size
In Spain, it has been the most representative of citrus production. This is because of the demand in fresh consumption and the possibility of being used in the manufacture of orange juice.
Characteristic of this group is the absence of navel in its fruits, and usually have alternating crops.
- Sanguinelli oranges:
This has been the most popular variety of oranges in Spain. Almost all the orchards produced this variety.
It appeared around 1929 in an orchard in Almenara (Castellón), due to a mutation of the Doble Fina.
The orange tree has good vigor with an average size with its light green leaves, being a very productive tree.
Its oranges are oval in shape with a size between medium and small with few seeds. The rind is thin and shiny, with areas of intense red color. The orange pulp is juicy and has a purplish red colour with a high content of intense red juice, which is aromatic and pleasant.
- Doble fina Oranges:
The orange tree is small with thick, light-colored foliage.
Its orange is small to medium in size, oval in shape. It has few seeds and a very thin, soft and shiny rind. It is yellowish-orange in colour, with red spots. The flesh is firm, orange-yellow with reddish streaks.
It does not have much juice, with a pleasant and aromatic taste.
It is very productive picking its orange from January, having little grip on its stalk.